Knee arthroplasty, more commonly known as knee replacement surgery, helps patients with severe knee pain and damage. Most often recommended as a treatment for patients with disabling arthritis, knee replacement usually is considered when other forms of therapy no longer suffice. Other considerations include the patient’s age and activity level, because a high degree of activity can reduce the longevity of the replacement. For this reason, most knee replacement patients tend to be older and more inclined to a sedentary lifestyle.

The procedure involves replacing damaged knee cartilage and bone with an artificial material. This can be a partial or a total replacement, depending on the type and degree of damage. After the procedure, hospital staff closely monitors the patient and provides pain control. Physical therapy begins while the patient is hospitalized.

About the Author: A specialist in knee replacement surgery, Dr. Tilok Ghose studied total joint replacement at Toronto East General Hospital in Canada. He holds a Doctor of Medicine (MD) from the University of Toronto and is certified as an orthopedic surgeon through the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. Board certified in the United States as well, he has earned Fellow status in the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.